According to Bhagavata Purana, which is a sattva purana, Lord Krishna is termed as Svayam Bhagavan since he was the purna-avatara or full incarnation of Supreme Lord Vishnu. As stated in Bhagavata Purana, Lord Vishnu appeared before Vasudeva and Devaki in his divine real form before taking birth. Both Vasudev and Devaki after praising Lord Vishnu requested him to hide his divine form agreeing to which Lord Vishnutransformed himself into a small human baby. According to this account, Lord Krishna never took birth from the womb of his mother like a common human baby and was himself Lord Vishnu who came down to Earth from his Supreme Abode Vaikuntha to eradicate the evil forces, to restore theDharma (Eternal Religion) and to liberate the worthy ones or devotees and had the appearance of a normal human being.
Krishna is often described and portrayed as an infant or young boy playing a flute as in the Bhagavata Purana, or as a youthful prince giving direction and guidance as in the Bhagavad Gita. The stories of Krishna appear across a broad spectrum of Hindu philosophical and theological traditions. They portray him in various perspectives: a god-child, a prankster, a model lover, a divine hero and the Supreme Being. The principal scriptures discussing Krishna’s story are the Mahabharata, the Harivamsa, the Bhagavata Purana, and the Vishnu Purana.
Worship of a deity of Krishna, either in the form of Vasudeva, Bala Krishna or Gopala, can be traced to as early as 4th century BC. Worship of Krishna as svayam bhagavan, or the Supreme Being, known as Krishnaism, arose in the Middle Ages in the context of the bhakti movement. From the 10th century AD, Krishna became a favourite subject in performing arts and regional traditions of devotion developed for forms of Krishna such asJagannatha in Odisha, Vithoba in Maharashtra and Shrinathji in Rajasthan. Since the 1960s the worship of Krishna has also spread in the West, largely due to the International Society for Krishna Consciousness.
|Affiliation||Full incarnation of God Vishnu (Svayam Bhagavan)
|Abode||Vaikuntha, Vrindavana,Gokula, Dwarka|
|Mantra||Om Namo Narayanaye, Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaye, Om Vishnave Namah, Hare Krishna Mantra|
|Consort||Rukmini, Satyabhama,Jambavati, Satya, Kalindi, Bhadra, Mitravinda.|
|Texts||Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, Mahabharata,Bhagavad Gita|